Superlubricity

AFM tip with graphene ribbon sliding against the gold substrate
credit for image phys.org: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-graphene-smoothly-gold.html

Revision for “Superlubricity” created on January 29, 2019 @ 22:58:20

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Superlubricity
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[caption id="attachment_521" align="aligncenter" width="400"]<img class="size-full wp-image-521" src="http://www.tribonet.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/grapheneslid.jpg" alt="AFM tip with graphene ribbon sliding against the gold substrate" width="400" height="330" data-wp-pid="521" /> credit for image phys.org: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-graphene-smoothly-gold.html[/caption] <a href="http://tribonet.org/so-what-is-it-superlubricity/">Superlubricity</a> is a recently invented term in tribology, which is generally defined as the state, at which the friction coefficient is low. The definition of “low” is not quite clear, but it can be assumed less than 0.01-0.001. Due to the generality of the definition, the mechanisms of the superlubricity can be of various nature. At the nano scale, the structural superlubricity may occur [1,2], if the crystal lattices of the contacting bodies are <a href="http://tribonet.org/superlubricity-in-graphene-nanoribbon-gold-interface/">incommensurate</a>. Formation of nano bearings may also lead to the <a href="http://tribonet.org/macroscale-superlubricity/">superlubricity</a> state by changing the friction from sliding to rolling. Ultra-low friction was reported in glycerol/water mixture lubricated steel pairs due to generation of easily sharable <a href="http://www.tribonet.org/superlubricity-between-steel-surfaces-using-glycerolwater-mixture/">hydrogen-bonded layer</a>. Van der Waals repulsive forces were shown to be capable to lead to superlubricity state between a <a href="http://www.tribonet.org/superlubricity-by-means-of-repulsive-van-der-waals-forces/">gold AFM tip and Teflon substrate</a>. The realization of the mentioned superlubric states typically requires very special conditions, such as vacuum, or materials, such as graphene, diamond-like carbon, etc. Therefore, translation of the superlubric state into macroscale and ordinary environment is a challenge. References <p class="text14 standard-space-below">[1] Structural superlubricity and ultralow friction across the length scales, Oded Hod, Ernst Meyer, Quanshui Zheng &amp; Michael Urbakh, <i data-test="journal-title">Nature </i><b data-test="journal-volume"><span class="visually-hidden">volume</span> 563</b>, <span class="visually-hidden">pages</span>485–492 (<span data-test="article-publication-year">2018</span>), <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0704-z" data-track="click" data-track-action="view doi" data-track-category="article body" data-track-label="link">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0704-z</a></p> <p class="text14 standard-space-below">[2] Robust microscale superlubricity in graphite/hexagonal boron nitride layered heterojunctions, Yiming Song,Davide Mandelli,Oded Hod,Michael Urbakh,Ming Ma &amp; Quanshui Zheng, <i data-test="journal-title">Nature Materials</i><b data-test="journal-volume"><span class="visually-hidden">volume</span> 17</b>, <span class="visually-hidden">pages</span>894–899 (<span data-test="article-publication-year">2018</span>), <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-018-0144-z" data-track="click" data-track-action="view doi" data-track-category="article body" data-track-label="link">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-018-0144-z</a></p> <span style="border-radius: 2px; text-indent: 20px; width: auto; padding: 0px 4px 0px 0px; text-align: center; font: bold 11px/20px 'Helvetica Neue',Helvetica,sans-serif; color: #ffffff; background: no-repeat scroll 3px 50% / 14px 14px #bd081c; position: absolute; opacity: 1; z-index: 8675309; display: none; cursor: pointer;">Save</span> <span style="border-radius: 2px; text-indent: 20px; width: auto; padding: 0px 4px 0px 0px; text-align: center; font: bold 11px/20px 'Helvetica Neue',Helvetica,sans-serif; color: #ffffff; background: no-repeat scroll 3px 50% / 14px 14px #bd081c; position: absolute; opacity: 1; z-index: 8675309; display: none; cursor: pointer;">Save</span> <span style="border-radius: 2px; text-indent: 20px; width: auto; padding: 0px 4px 0px 0px; text-align: center; font: bold 11px/20px 'Helvetica Neue',Helvetica,sans-serif; color: #ffffff; background: no-repeat scroll 3px 50% / 14px 14px #bd081c; position: absolute; opacity: 1; z-index: 8675309; display: none; cursor: pointer;">Save</span>
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