# Coefficients of Kinetic and Static Friction

### Revision for “Coefficients of Kinetic and Static Friction” created on March 12, 2022 @ 16:59:07

Title Coefficients of Kinetic and Static Friction

What is friction?

Friction is a force resisting relative motion and it occurs at the interface between the bodies, but also within the bodies, like in case of fluids. The concept of friction coefficient was first formulated by Leonardo da Vinci and is defined according to the following equation:

$\begin{eqnarray} \label{complete_sys1} \mu = F_f/F_N \end{eqnarray}$

where $F_f$ is the friction force and $F_N$ is the applied normal load. The magnitude of the coefficient of friction is determined by the properties of the surfaces, surroundings, surface features, presence of the lubricant, etc. A list of typical friction coefficients can be found here.

Static vs Kinetic Friction

Typically friction can be distinguished into static friction and kinetic friction. Static friction force $F_{fs}$ is the friction force prior the initiation of motion. Kinetic friction (also known as dynamic, or sliding) force $F_{fk}$ is the friction force developed during the motion. It should be noted that these forces are different with a following relation holding in most situations:

$\begin{eqnarray} \label{complete_sys1} F_{fk}<=F_{fs} \end{eqnarray}$

Correspondingly, there are two friction coefficients, static  $\mu _s$ and kinetic friction  $\mu _k$ coefficients. Static friction coefficient is calculated according to the following equation:

$\begin{eqnarray} \label{complete_sys1} \mu _s = F_{fs}/F_N \end{eqnarray}$

Kinetic friction coefficient is calculated according to following equation:

$\begin{eqnarray} \label{complete_sys1} \mu _k = F_{fk}/F_N \end{eqnarray}$

See this introduction video regarding the static and kinetic friction forces:

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March 12, 2022 @ 16:59:07 Alex
December 23, 2021 @ 03:25:05 Manoj
November 28, 2021 @ 11:01:30 TriboNet
November 10, 2021 @ 02:40:04 Rustem I am currently working as a Postgraduate Researcher at the University of Leeds. Previously I completed my master's under the prestigious Erasmus Mundus joint master's degree program (Master's in Tribology). I have also completed my bachelor's in Mechanical engineering from VTU, Belgaum, India. I am working as the social media manager for Tribnet and also I have my youtube channel Tribo Geek.