Real Contact Area

Introduction: In the entire world there are no smooth surfaces ideally. Asperities, shape, and height variations all allow us to identify surfaces. Depending on the scale used, even surfaces that appear to be well polished […]

Surface Coating Techniques

Introduction: Metal surfaces, particularly those of steels, require unique surface treatments to achieve the appropriate properties. Although there are several surface treatment procedures, surface coating techniques are the most popular. Coatings can provide a wide variety of qualities, […]

Low Oil Pressure

The lubricating oil inside the engine will ensure that all moving parts inside the engine are properly lubricated and safe. When the oil flows through the open spaces within your engine, pressure builds up. This […]